Some injuries occur because of accidental trauma or assault. In such accidents, the tendons of your hands and feet can get affected. These are tissues joining muscles to the bones. Tendon repair surgeries are carried out to repair a tendon injury.
In this article, Dr. Leena Jain, one of the best plastic surgeons in Borivali, talks about tendon repair surgery and how it is performed.
What is Tendon Repair Surgery?
Tendon repair surgery is performed to treat damaged or torn tendons. Tendons are tissues connecting the muscles to bone. The tendons pull on the bones and joints as the muscles contract, causing movement. When you have tendon damage, the movement might be minimal. The damaged region might be painful or weak.
There are 2 main types of tendons:
These tendons work by tightening to pull on the bones. For example, the flexor tendon is when you make a fist.
These tendons work by stretching when a part of the body needs to move outward. For example, straightening your fingers.
Dr. Leena Jain is a plastic surgeon in India with over seven years of experience. She is a trained professional performing tendon repair surgeries and has successfully performed many tendon repair surgeries with precaution and care.
Why is it done?
Tendon repair surgery might be helpful if you have tendon injuries that make it difficult for you to move a joint or is very painful, says Dr. Leena, one of the best plastic surgeons in Borivali.
Tendon repair surgery brings the normal movement back to a joint. A tendon injury can happen anywhere tendons are present.
A tendon injury can result from a cut going through your skin and into your tendon. It is a common injury in sports like football, rugby, and wrestling.
Tendon damage can occur due to rheumatoid arthritis, an inflammatory disease of the joints. It can cause the tendons to tear.
When you visit a doctor with a tendon injury, your doctor will physically examine the injured area.
They will also check for:
- Blood loss
- If you have any infections
- Other injuries like fractures, nerve injuries, blood vessel injuries, dislocations, etc.
If they think it is necessary, your doctor will tell you to get imaging tests like MRIs and ultrasound to help diagnose the exact location and cause of the injury.
Tendon injuries generally require surgical treatment. The goals of tendon repair surgery are:
- To get back normal range of motion and function to an injured tendon
- To provide pain relief
According to Dr. Leena, the following are the steps in which your surgeon will perform a tendon repair surgery:
- You will be given anesthesia before the surgery to numb the surgery area.
- Your surgeon will make one or more tiny cuts to your skin above the tendon that is damaged.
- Then they will sew the torn ends of the tendon.
- Your surgeon will then examine the surrounding tissue to verify that no further injuries, such as blood vessel or nerve damage, have occurred.
- Then they will close the cuts and wrap up the area with dressings or bandages.
- Afterward, the surgeon will immobilize your joint for the tendon to heal.
- If you have insufficient tendons to reattach, your surgeon may conduct a tendon transplant utilizing tendons from another region of your body.
According to Dr. Leena, like any surgical procedure, tendon repair surgery also involves some risks, including:
Scar tissues that grow due to tendon repair surgery might restrict joints from functioning properly.
- Loss of joint to some extent
- Joint stiffness
- Tearing of the tendon
Tendon repairs are done on an outpatient basis, meaning you can go home after the surgery.
Healing from the surgery can take up to 12 weeks. The injured tendon might need support with the help of a cast or splint to remove the tension from the repaired tendon.
Physical therapy is generally needed to return the movement safely. Movements will return gradually with some stiffness.
You may also need treatment after the surgery to minimize the scar tissue, as too much scar tissue can restrict the movement of the damaged tendon.
Tendon injuries are prevalent. They are successful if they are done with proper precision and care. Getting physical therapy after the surgery is also important because stiffness doesn’t go away for some time. Physical therapy can help you get back to the usual moment of your tendons.
You can visit Dr. Leena Jain, a plastic surgeon in Borivali, for further information and treatment.