The problem of drug addiction in the present time around the world remains very acute and relevant. Nine out of ten drug addicts are practically incurable. Many of them do not live up to 40 years. The vast majority of drug users (over 80%) are young people aged 18-30. But unfortunately, more and more often children and teenagers are addicted to drugs. What is drug addiction, and how does it happen?
Drug addiction is a serious mental illness that occurs with the systematic use of drugs. Numerous studies of drug addicts, surveys of various categories of the population, primarily young people, show that there are many factors and reasons that lead young people of different age groups to become addicted to drugs.
10 – 12 years old. Children of this age rarely use drugs. They have enough smoking tobacco for now. This already raises their rating among classmates at school and in the yard. Typical at this age are the formation of groups for the use of cheap toxic substances (gasoline, solvents, glue).
13-14 years old. They are interested in the possible use of so-called “soft” drugs. Adolescents in this group have already occasionally tried some types of stimulants out of curiosity. The information comes from each other. There is no idea of drug addiction as a serious illness. They don’t think drugs are dangerous. They do not see the threat of physical, mental dependence. They believe that they can stop using drugs at any time.
15-17 years old. Young people of this age know much more about drugs than teenagers from the previous group. Quite often, their theoretical knowledge is supported by their own experience. At this age, new forms of communication, leisure, love appear. In relation to drugs, young people at this age can be divided into. Supporters, opponents and hesitant. Among the reasons that push some underage young people to use drugs are the following.
If the use of a particular drug is accepted within a group to which a person belongs or identifies with, they will feel compelled to use that drug to prove their membership in that group. This applies to all drugs, from nicotine and alcohol to heroin.
One of the main reasons why people use drugs is the accompanying and pleasant sensations, from good health to mystical euphoria.
Curiosity about drugs causes some people to start taking drugs themselves.
Drug use can be seen as a symbol of opposition to the values of society. When a person rejects society and all alternatives, including himself, his hopes and goals, the resulting sense of life’s meaninglessness, isolation and inadequacy makes him predisposed to chronic drug addiction. Escape from physical stress – Most people manage to cope with the most stressful situations of their lives, but some try to find refuge in the form of drug addiction. Drugs often become the false center around which their lives revolve. Often the impetus for a teenager to enter a dangerous drug path is a negative example of parents, rude treatment and self-withdrawal from raising a child.
Signs of drug use
It is very important for parents, educators, and doctors to determine at the earliest stages that a child or teenager has become addicted to drugs.
There are two main groups of signs of drug use. Behavioral and physiological.
Increasing reticence of the child (perhaps without deterioration in relations with parents). Often it is accompanied by an increase in the number and duration
“Festivities “when a child leaves home at a time that used to be in the family or for lessons. Late going to bed, long stay in bed in the morning. The appearance of drowsiness in a child or, conversely, insomnia. Loss of interest in studies or hobbies. School truancy. Deterioration of memory and attention. The appearance of difficulties in concentrating on something specific. The result is an inevitable decline in performance.
An increase in financial requests and an active search for ways to satisfy them, begging for money in ever-increasing amounts (if money from parental wallets or valuables from home begin to disappear, this is a very alarming sign).
The appearance of new dubious friends, the behavior of old friends becomes suspicious. Conversations with them are conducted in a whisper, incomprehensible phrases or in solitude.
Untidiness in appearance, a tendency to listen to specific music.
Causeless change of mood, very often not appropriate to the situation. irritability in a calm situation, painful reaction to criticism. The appearance of resourcefulness, deceit, avoiding answers to direct questions. Detection of traces of injections along the veins in the arms. The fact that the child began to wear only long-sleeved clothes, regardless of the weather and situation, may also be alarming.
Pallor or redness of the skin dilated or constricted pupils reddened or cloudy eyes. Incoherent, slow or accelerated speech. Loss of appetite, weight loss, and sometimes excessive eating. Chronic cough poor coordination of movements (staggering _or stumbling). Sharp jumps in blood pressure disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. A teenager’s drug intoxication may also be indicated by his behavior. The state of drug intoxication resembles alcohol, but without the characteristic smell of alcohol from the mouth. A common symptom of this intoxication is euphoria (spice use), i.e. high spirits, serene bliss, combined with slowing down or speeding up thinking.