Programming Languages You Must Learn for Software Development

Programming Languages

Programming languages are designed to instruct a computer to perform specific tasks. The first programming language, Plankalkül, was created by Konrad Zuse in the 1940s. However, it was not quite popular because of hardware limitations.

The first programming language used for commercial products was Fortran 1, released in 1957. There are over 20 different programming languages today that professionals build the world around us.

The first step toward becoming a software developer is learning how to code. However, what language should you start with? This list will help you decide which one to pick to start your coding journey to becoming a certified full-stack developer.

Programming Languages to Learn Software Development:


C++ is a statically-typed programming language used by many professional programmers and organizations, including NASA. It is a popular programming language, but it is not the most accessible language to learn as it requires a basic knowledge of pointers and object-oriented programming concepts.

The first version of C++ was released in 1983, but it was not until 1991 that it became famous for commercial products.


While C++ is the language for low-level programming, Java is the better option to create high-performance systems. It is designed to be robust, secure, and reliable. It is also widely used by large companies such as Amazon and Walmart.

Java was released in 1995 by the company Oracle now owns. Since its creation, it has become one of today’s most popular programming languages.


C# (pronounced as “see sharp”) is a multi-paradigm language incorporating object-oriented and structured programming methodologies. It is a good option for new developers since the C# compiler helps you find many common mistakes that new coders make.

C# was released in 2000 during Microsoft’s .NET initiative. So, if you are a fan of Windows and Visual Studio, this is an essential skill for you to master.


Python is a versatile high-level programming language with a standard library and many third-party libraries for data science, web development, and scientific computing. It is globally used today because of its simplicity and robust nature.

Python is widely used by large companies such as Google, YouTube, Dropbox, and Reddit. Python is the core language used for machine learning, and software development service companies also use Python due to its friendly interface and simple syntax.


C is a general-purpose programming language designed to be compiled by a compiler instead of being executed directly by hardware. It has different versions being used to develop Linux and Mac OS. This makes C very fast as it does not have any overhead.


JavaScript is mainly a web language that allows you to create interactive sites. It was initially created as a scripting language for websites but has evolved more.

While JavaScript is not a compiled language, it is still run with the help of a tool called a “JavaScript engine” (also known as JavaScript interpreter).

HTML (HyperText Markup Language):

HTML provides the structure for web pages and applications you use every day. It works with almost every modern web browser. HTML is also the foundation for other languages, such as CSS and JavaScript.

HTML is a markup language; it creates structure and content. Tags are used to identify different parts of a document surrounded by angle brackets: <tag>.

HTML is not strictly a programming language; instead, it is used with other languages such as CSS and JavaScript to create web pages.

In addition, it is effortless to learn. You can start creating basic pages right away.


Cascading Style Sheets, or CSS, describe how documents are presented on screen, paper, or other media.

Since its creation in the 90s by Håkon Wium Lie, CSS has become one of the most utilized web programming languages.

CSS– Cascading Style Sheets– It is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in markup language. It styles all HTML tags, including the document’s body, headings, paragraphs, and other pieces of text. CSS can also style the display of table elements, grid elements, and images.

CSS is separated from the HTML document by using the <style> element or by including it in an external file linked to the HTML document.

SQL (Structured Query Language)

“Structured Query Language” communicates with databases. It is a core skill in data science, so hiring managers prioritize SQL knowledge when finding a job.

SQL was developed in the 70s by Donald Chamberlin and Raymond Boyce at IBM.

Structured Query Language, or SQL, is a programming language used to communicate and manipulate data in a database. It is one of the essential skills for data science and is used in many different industries.

SQL was developed in the 1970s by Donald Chamberlin and Raymond Boyce at IBM. It became a standard in the 1980s and has been consistently updated over the years.

Visual Basic:

Visual Basic is a multi-paradigm language and one of Microsoft’s programming languages. It allows you to create Windows applications and also provides support for the .NET framework along with other object-oriented concepts.

JavaScript, C#, Python, and PHP are some of the most popular programming languages used today. As technology changes, so do the landscape of programming languages. For example, there is a huge demand for functional programming skills as it allows you to write very concise code. So, let’s see what’s next!

Assembly Language:

Assembly language is the lower-level programming language that must be converted into machine code by an assembler tool before execution.

It was initially developed for early computers but has evolved into different versions, such as x86 Assembly, commonly used in software development.

There are many other programming languages you can learn. These seven options should give you a good starting point so you can learn more about what these languages can do and which one(s) might be right for your next project!


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