The term “mental health” refers to our “inner life”, that is, how we think and feel, but also how we act. Mental health means that a person feels good mentally and spiritually. A kind of ideal state in which a person can use their full potential to cope with the strain and stress in their life. Thanks to a healthy psyche, a person can be efficient at work. He can contribute something to his environment – that means to the life of his family, his friends, acquaintances and neighbors.
Mental health does not simply mean the absence of mental stress or illness. There is no “all or nothing” principle here: most of us are somewhere in the middle between “mentally healthy” and “mentally burdened” or “mentally ill” most of the time.
Mental Illness – When the soul suffers
Not only the physical but also the mental health of a person fluctuates from time to time. Especially in times of great stress – for example after losing a job or the death of an important person – it is not easy to keep the balance.
People with mental stress experience different complaints (symptoms), which vary in severity. The symptoms can have a greater or lesser impact on everyday life and the ability of those affected to function. Frequent reactions to stressful situations are feelings of sadness, fear or strong inner tension, which can also be very strong for a limited time could be. This Complaints usually go away after a certain amount of time. If they last longer or more are added – such as panic attacks, suicidal thoughts, self-harm or delusions – and become bigger and bigger lead to problems in everyday life, those affected and their relatives should seek professional help.
TA doctor or psychotherapist can find out in a detailed diagnostic interview whether and from which mental illnesses the person concerned is suffering.
Important to know: Mental illnesses
Can affect perception, thinking, moods and behavior
Are more common than you think
Are not a sign of weakness?
Can meet anyone
Are experienced differently by everyone
Can usually be treated effectively.
Mental illnesses cannot be “simply” diagnosed (in technical jargon: diagnosed) with the help of a test, as is the case, for example, with an X-ray of a broken bone. A clinical diagnosis can only be made by an experienced medical specialist or psychotherapist. Before that, however, an examination is required to rule out physical illnesses – such as B. a thyroid disease – as a contributor to the mental health problems.
A detailed discussion about the individual complaints (symptoms) then takes place with the specialist doctor or psychotherapist. The history and other physical and mental illnesses of the patient. Psychological tests such as questionnaires can also be used. This diagnostic discussion is about capturing the overall picture of all complaints and assigning a diagnosis to them. In this way, the doctor or psychotherapist can determine whether the patient is suffering from one or more mental illnesses and how severe they are. This is important because the type of therapy can vary considerably depending on the type and severity of the disease.
The assignment to a diagnosis is usually made using the “International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems” (ICD-10, International Classification of Diseases, and 10th Revision). The ICD-10 is published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and is largely legally binding in America. This means that psychotherapists, doctors and clinics must provide the health insurance companies with an ICD-10 diagnosis so that the treatment costs are covered.