Iron Deficiency; Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Iron Deficiency

People who experience constant headaches, change in their nails, and remain lethargic should consult a general physician in Lahore. The specialist will conduct relevant tests to diagnose the cause. Additionally, the doctor will provide information regarding the most effective treatment plan.

It is a condition in which the lack of iron causes anemia. It leads to weakness and other complications. Women and children are at a higher risk of suffering from the symptoms of iron deficiency. However, the treatment can help in a smooth recovery.

Symptoms of iron deficiency

The common symptoms of iron deficiency are:

  • The person remains lethargic and inactive mostly. It can affect their personal and professional life.
  • The skin remains pale, and the nails appear brittle.
  • The person remains dizzy and may experience shortness of breath.
  • The person craves to eat unhealthy items, such as clay.
  • The individual with iron deficiency experiences a tingling sensation in the lower extremities.
  • The person can notice tongue selling and soreness that cause pain while eating and drinking.
  • The hands and feet remain cold, despite the weather conditions.
  • The individual can notice fast heartbeats, which may affect heart function.

Known Causes of Iron Deficiency

The known causes of iron deficiency include:

  • People who consume less iron-rich foods are more likely to exhibit signs of iron deficiency.
  • The women may suffer from iron deficiency due to excessive bleeding while giving birth or during menstruation.
  • Internal bleeding due to a physical injury can cause iron deficiency.
  • The use of certain medications can affect iron absorption in the body.
  • Individuals with celiac disease are more likely to suffer from mineral deficiency as the body cannot absorb iron.

Complications Associated with Iron Deficiency

The complications that correlate with iron deficiency include:

  • The person is more likely to suffer from rapid or irregular heartbeats that can affect the functioning of vital organs.
  • Mothers with iron deficiency are more likely to give birth to a child with the same condition. It can affect the physical and cognitive development of the infant.

Prevention

  • The preventative measures that can help reduce the chances of iron deficiency include:
  • People must prioritize their diet and consume iron-enriched food to enhance their bodily functions.
  • Mothers should breastfeed their children rather than using formulated powder milk.
  • Pregnant women must take supplements or improve their diet to avoid iron deficiency and related complications.

Diagnosis

The tests that help diagnose an individual with iron deficiency are:

  • Hemoglobin Test: The test helps detect the changes in the hemoglobin that can indicate that the individual has iron deficiency.
  • Hematocrit Test: The tests help check the changes in the RBCs in the body.
  • Complete Blood Test: The CBC test helps check the levels of RBCs. It helps detect the abnormality that indicates iron deficiency.
  • Serum Ferritin Test: The test helps measure the levels of stored iron in the body. The decrease indicates iron deficiency.
  • Transferrin Saturation Test: It helps to measure the amount of iron transported in the different parts of the body. It will determine if the body is absorbing the iron or not.
  • Serum Transferrin Receptor Assay: The tests help assess the increase in the production of red blood cells in the body.

Effective Treatment Options

The medications and procedures that help in treating an individual with iron deficiency include:

  • The supplements help restore the normal levels of iron in the body to enhance functioning.
  • Vitamin supplements help enhance iron absorption in the body.
  • The individual suffering from anemia due to iron deficiency has to undergo a blood transfusion procedure. It is a procedure to help increase iron in the body and improve overall functioning.

People who exhibit signs of iron deficiency should discuss their condition with an online general physician. A reliable and competent physician will help the person make relevant dietary and lifestyle changes that can improve the iron levels in the body.

 

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