An introduction to different architectural style

architectural style

What is architectural style? Is it just a matter of taste or is there a method to create an ideal building? The answer is both. Whether you have just joined a high rise building course or are an experienced professional you should understand that the best architects are the ones who are experts at designing buildings that make people feel safe and confident.

They understand how to create a space that can be used by many different people at once, while still maintaining their own personal style and identity. The term “architectural style” refers to the way in which an architect designs buildings and other structures.

Most architectural styles are based on historical precedents, but some are entirely new creations. There are many different styles in architectural history, but some of the most popular include: 

Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture was a style of architecture that developed in Northern Europe during the High Middle Ages. The style takes its name from the tracery of Early Medieval Gothic architecture, with which it was contrasted.

As it developed and spread across Northern Europe, this style became more complex, developed an array of different styles, and had a profound impact on Western art and architecture.

The earliest examples of Gothic architecture are not stylistically related to each other; they are simple styles that evolved from Romanesque architecture. The term ‘Gothic’ is sometimes used to describe certain medieval buildings, but there is no consistent architectural style called ‘Gothic’ or ‘Gothic Revival’.

The term may also be used to describe elements of some Renaissance designs towards the end of the 16th century in Italy, Spain, and elsewhere. This is a style of architecture with pointed arches and rib vaults. It was popular in Europe from the 13th to the 16th century.

Even though the style was inspired by Romanesque architecture, ornamentation moved away from ribbed vaulting. It is characterized by pointed arches, lancet windows, and flying buttresses.

Neoclassical architecture

Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style based on the principles of symmetry, balance, and order that were introduced by ancient Greeks as they constructed their own temples and public buildings.

The three main features of neoclassical buildings are a symmetrical façade, columns supporting an entablature (the triangular part above the columns), and pediments or triangular-shaped roofs on each story with a cornice below them all designed to give an illusion of height to second-floor windows.

In addition to these features, neoclassical buildings tend to have round corners, tall windows without mullions or transoms, flat roofs, and often large front doors with curved pediments over them.

This style was developed in the 18th century and is characterized by classical elements like columns, pediments, and Ionic columns. The style became popular in the early 19th century when neoclassical buildings were built in different countries such as Italy, France, Germany, and England.

It’s characterized by symmetry, balance, simplicity, functionality, and clarity of form.

Greek revival architecture

Greek Revival architecture is a style that combines elements of the classical Greek world with those used in the Medieval and Renaissance periods. The style is characterized by the use of Doric columns and entablatures, Ionic capitals, and Corinthian pilasters.

The Greek Revival was popularized in the early 19th century as a result of American interest in ancient Greece. It became important in the public sphere during the period of Jacksonian democracy when it became associated with democracy and nationalism.

This association was further reinforced during the early Victorian era when wealthy Americans began to build themselves homes in a similar style to those of ancient Greece.

Industrial architecture

When you join a high rise building course the first thing you will learn about industrial architecture. This is because the modern high-rise buildings you see today are inherently a type of industrial architecture.

Industrial architecture was influenced by the industrial revolution, which started in 1800 and continued until the late 19th century. The movement began with factories, mines, and mills that became increasingly large and complex. Industrial architecture evolved from the desire to create buildings that would be suitable for these factories and mills.

The style is characterized by the use of steel and concrete construction materials as well as large windows for natural light. In addition, industrial buildings often have decorative elements such as sculptures or murals.

The Industrial style embodies the best aspects of the Renaissance, Baroque and Neoclassical styles. It has been popular since the early 20th century, with buildings such as the Chrysler Building in New York City.

Industrial architecture is characterized by its heavy use of materials such as steel and concrete. Its buildings tend to be functional and utilitarian, with a strong emphasis on massing and composition. The most common shapes are rectangular blocks or rectangles, but there are also hexagonal and triangular buildings among them.


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