Ecstasy is one of the most commonly abused club drugs. Club drugs, also known as rave drugs or party drugs, are a type of recreational drugs that are commonly used and abused by teens and young adults attending large music festivals, dance parties, and raves. These drugs are generally used by them to stay awake for long periods of time, to enhance positive feelings, and also to feel more in sync with other people around them.
Ecstasy is a powerful synthetic drug that contains varying levels of MDMA, or 3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine. Available as a pressed pill or tablet, ecstasy tablets generally have a brand or logo imprinted on them to identify their manufacturer or distinguish different types of pills from one another.
The so-called pure form of MDMA, known as Molly, is also available on the market and is commonly sold in the form of white crystalline powder or capsule. Despite the common belief that Molly is safer and purer than its ecstasy counterpart, the powder or capsules sold as MDMA can contain other harmful drugs, such as bath salts.
Ecstasy is often take by people to increase positive feelings, including warmth, empathy, and personal well-being. It takes this drug from fifteen minutes to an hour to begin causing its effects that last for around three to six hours. Owing to its hallucinogenic properties and its main psychoactive ingredient, MDMA, ecstasy abuse can alter an individual’s sensory perceptions and sense of time as well as increase the activity of brain chemicals, including serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine.
The short-term effects are typically about the same as those experienced by users of pure MDMA. However, people who get ecstasy pills on the street may expose themselves to unknown risks as these drugs can be cut with other drugs and chemicals, including baby powder, caffeine, ketamine, methamphetamine, and heroin. Some term effects include dehydration, cramps in muscle, hypertension, amplified heart rate, harm to kidney and liver, blurred vision, chills, sweating, nausea, and paranoia.
Long-term abuse can lead to cognitive problems, including impairments in memory, thinking, and information processing abilities. Since MDMA can affect neurotransmitters, long-term abuse can contribute to the dysregulation of important brain chemicals. Many people repeatedly are likely to deplete their levels of the brain chemical serotonin, which is important for regulating mood, appetite, and sleep.
People who take high amounts can overdose, and the overdose can affect their body’s temperature regulation. The high level of heat generated in their body can lead to a number of heat-related issues that can cause damage to several organs in the body, such as the brain, liver, and kidney. The overdose can also lead to a number of mental health issues, i.e., psychosis and depression. While the loss of consciousness, seizures, heat strokes, coma, and heart attacks due to high or irregular heart rate are quite common, the overdose can even cause death due to dehydration, heart attacks, exhaustion, and other complications.
Withdrawal signs are common for individuals. People who take Ecstasy laced with other drugs may also experience several withdrawal signs and drug cravings. Some signs experienced by an individual include irritability, restlessness, sleep issues, anxiety, and appetite changes. Though researchers are unclear as to whether users can develop ecstasy addiction, the drug does contain highly addictive drugs, such as methamphetamine and heroin. For this reason, there may be greater withdrawal effects experience by people who take certain ecstasy pills.